I've observed an unusual thing happen when teachers try to introduce Test-Driven Development (TDD) or Behavior-Driven Development (BDD) to their classes. Even though the teachers invariably encourage it and present it as a useful strategy, students come out of the class with mixed feelings or actively opposed to using TDD/BDD in the future.
The reason they give for this is time. And in a way, it makes sense. TDD and BDD have high upfront setup costs in selecting framework (e.g. JUnit or Cucumber), adding test hooks/libraries into the code (your
import org.junit.Tests), thinking up test cases for all the various scenarios, and then of course actually writing all the tests themselves.
In industry, this isn't so bad, because tests are essentially infinitely reusable, so the cost of that work can be amortized over months or even years. For a class project though, the entire thing from start to finish is only going to be a handful of weeks long at best. So the students see all of the cost and only a small slice of the benefit.
In short, students sort of pick up on a perverse incentive to not use TDD/BDD because the benefits don't justify the cost. So, how can I convince students that those strategies really are good choices, when simply forcing them to use them and saying "it works better in the real world, I promise" isn't cutting it?
I've seen How to stress the importance of testing code?, but the answer there is just "use TDD." It's not wrong, but it's also not helpful for my particular question.