I don't remember that I saw sources section on Udemy tutorials or YouTube videos, whether they are a course or not. Even, on books such as,

Nevertheless, I really care about plagiarism, ethics, copyright and any other rights of the people or companies and need help for following topic.

I am a computer engineer and I'll generate free or paid courses / videos in the informatics sector such as computer usage, programming, network administration, etc. on Udemy or YouTube.

These courses completely will be generated combination of the Turkish and English information on the web (to generate high quality courses) such as pdfs published by universities as above, videos, official websites (such as microsoft.com, apple.com, etc.), blogs, wikipedia, articles, etc. and will be published as Turkish.

I know that I can't add directly bulk texts, images, video parts from different sources, etc. However, I need to add similar things to them to explain a topic. And I know that I can't tell an article's result is my work, etc.

I plan to use a slider software for definitions section of the videos. However, I don't think every video will have this section. And I plan to tell what I understand from the sources with different words or sentences and add different examples as much as I can.

Does my plan considered as stealing, non-ethical, plagiarism or copyright or any other right issue in this case? Do I need to credit every word or sentence seperately? How can I do this in a video?

Or is it enough to add all of the links in bulk used to generate the course / video at the end of it? Do I need to specify author name, date, etc. of my sources as in academic paper? If yes, which standard should I follow?

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    $\begingroup$ I may write an answer later, but note that there are copyright issues. Copyright law varies greatly around the world though. But in the US translations require permission from copyright holders: copyright.uslegal.com/… $\endgroup$
    – Buffy
    Apr 12 at 15:49
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    $\begingroup$ I also advise that you register for this site. Among other things you will become eligible to chat in our chat room. $\endgroup$
    – Buffy
    Apr 12 at 15:55
  • $\begingroup$ FYI, the link to the chatroom is here. $\endgroup$ Apr 12 at 17:57

The most general rule is that once you cite, you are no longer plagiarizing. You can submit someone else's entire paper, and as long as you (very clearly) note that you didn't write a word of it, and that it was someone else's paper that you found interesting, you are no longer plagiarizing, as you are no longer representing someone else's work as your own.

The standards for citation are different in different settings. In fully formal papers, you need to cite fact-by-fact, because every contribution needs to be traced directly. In a video, it is sufficient to say that what you're presenting isn't developed by you, but really the work of other incredible people, and that you will link to those sources at the bottom of the video. Again, the standard is whether you represent the work as your own or not.

A setting like an instructional video does not need (and typically does not support) each fact being separately cited. Further, no one would expect it, any more than they would expect it in a lecture at university.

Good luck creating your course!

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    $\begingroup$ "You can submit someone else's entire paper..." That seems very wrong. "submit"???? $\endgroup$
    – Buffy
    Apr 12 at 15:38
  • $\begingroup$ @Buffy It's a terrible idea. I suppose someone could argue that, no matter how clearly you designate "BUFFY'S PAPER, NOT WRITTEN BY ME" at the top of the essay, by submitting it, you have de facto represented it as your own work, but it would certainly be an interesting case for an academic honesty tribunal to take up, and the outcome would be far from certain. More likely, I'd expect it to be treated as an unsubmitted assignment, with the additional effect of getting the prof rather (reasonably) upset at you. $\endgroup$
    – Ben I.
    Apr 12 at 15:41
  • $\begingroup$ @Buffy In any case, it's the most dramatic example I can think of of the importance of citing :) $\endgroup$
    – Ben I.
    Apr 12 at 15:42
  • $\begingroup$ But you seem to be ignoring copyright. Unless you have a different idea about "submit" than I do. Note that videos that have background music, even short snippets, get takedown notices. $\endgroup$
    – Buffy
    Apr 12 at 15:43
  • $\begingroup$ You can point to things. You can quote short snippets (with citation), but "entire paper"??? I'm still confused. $\endgroup$
    – Buffy
    Apr 12 at 15:45

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