With one possible exception (Quantum Computing), I think that Wirth's observation is as valid today as when he wrote his book.
Don't however, confuse how one builds a thing with the thing itself. We work differently than we did in 1976, but not radically so. Even then, programmers and systems designers used a methodology. Back then it was called Structured Programming and almost all modern languages were influenced by those ideas. A program was conceptualized as a composition of simpler "programs" according to a well-defined set of rules.
In object-oriented programming we still think of composition, though in a different way and we have a somewhat different set of rules. But the main framework is the same.
Likewise the daily practices of programmers has changed. In the past it was system test and code walk-throughs. Now it is unit tests and pair programming. But we still need to find and use practices that assure us that we have (a) built the correct thing and (b) built the thing correctly. Design Patterns help with this, but they still deal with the algorithms and how they modify and extract information from data.
Prolog isn't really very different. In a data structures course in Java, you deal with data that is relatively simple and write algorithms that may have some complexity. In Prolog it is reversed. You have a given algorithm (unification) and you tailor the (possibly complex) data to enable it. But it is still data + algorithms.
One thing that has changed, however, is that the problems that we solve now are more complex and often more flexible than those of interest in 1976. We have learned how to solve those problems and so we incorporate the solutions into libraries and then solve more complex problems, such as scaling for the cloud. But the essence is the same.
It doesn't matter whether you quote the title of the book, of course, nor should you give the complete history of computing to beginners, but they should understand the fundamental idea.
I don't actually know enough about Quantum Computing to say that it is different, but it is the only possible exception that I know anything about. It is possible that it will change the game fundamentally.